NHM in India was launched on 12th April, 2005. It was conceived mainly to provide effective health care to the rural population, especially the disadvantaged groups including women and children, by improving access, enabling community ownership and demand for services, strengthening public health systems for efficient service delivery, enhancing equity and accountability and promoting decentralisation. It seeks to provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable sections.
NHM is the combination of national programmes, namely, the Reproductive and Child Health II project, (RCH-II) the National Disease Control Programmes and the Integrated Disease Surveillance Project. NHM also enable the mainstreaming of Ayurvedic, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Systems of Health (AYUSH).


Improved health status and quality of life of rural population with unequivocal and explicit emphasis on sustainable development measure.

Basic objectives for implementation of NRHM are:

  1. To reduce infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate
  2. To ensure population stabilization
  3. To prevent and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases
  4. To upgrade AYUSH(Aurvedic Yoga Unani Siddh and Homopath) for promotion of healthy life style

Key Performance Indicators :

  1. To reduce Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)
  2. To reduce Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
  3. To reduce Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
  4. Malaria mortality reduction rate
  5. Kala-azar mortality reduction rate
  6. Filaria/Microfilaria reduction
  7. Leprosy Prevalence Rate- reduction
  8. Tuberculosis DOTS Elimination. 
  9. Upgrading all Community Health Centres (CHCs) to Indian Public Health Standard(IPHS)
  10. Increase bed occupancy of First Referral Units (FRUs) 
  11. Engaging 1.23 lac ASHAs.
  12. Dengue mortality reduction
  13. Cataract operation
  14. Under National Blindness Control Programme (NBCP), objective is to reduce the prevalence rate
  15. To bring down Total Goitre Rate (TGR) to less than 10%.
  16. To ensure that more than 90% households consume iodized salt.
  17. To ensure availability of AYUSH by ensuring that at each block primary health centre (PHC), at least 2 Medical Officers(MOs), one of them AYUSH practitioner, are available all the time.
  18. Safe drinking water and sanitation facilities to greater than 60% of villages.
  19. Reduction of malnourished children by half of present level.